If you are curious how many different types of cherries are on earth, then the answer might surprise you. In reality, there are more than 1,000 cherry varieties worldwide with different traits. However, not all of these variations are edible.
And in this article, I will discuss in detail edible cherries that you can enjoy fresh or make other fruity dishes and drinks with these juicy fruits. With the following 30 cherry types, some might be familiar to you; some might not.
So why don’t you spend about 5 minutes exploring some of the best cherries in the world? I guarantee you can learn something new today!
Table of Contents
The Overall View About Cherry
A bowl full of fresh and juicy cherries is truly a big hit in summer, right? But their seasons normally are short, so it is important to know the right tricks to freeze fresh cherries. And similar to other fruits, the cherry has many interesting facts that you might not know before.
Cherry is a type of stone fruit that includes a large hard seed in the center covered by its fleshy pulp. It might take 3 to 5 years for a cherry tree to produce fruit, but a mature tree can provide 20 to 60 quarts of cherry fruits annually.
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Moreover, cherry trees need a certain time in cold weather to bloom and produce fruit. That’s why they are popular in cold-climate countries or areas. But some varieties can develop in tropical climates too!
Though there are many types of cherry, they can be divided into 2 big groups: Sweet cherries (Prunus avium) and Sour (or Tart) cherries (Prunus cerasus), and 1 minor category about other edible cherries. And all of them are different from each other.
So if you want to know which types are ideal for eating raw or making jam, juices, etc., the below parts will offer you a closer look at these types of cherries.
20 Types of Sweet Cherry To Beat The Hot Summer
Sweet cherry (Prunus avium) contains various smaller varieties worldwide with specific characteristics. They are the best types for consuming fresh, even right after picking them from the tree.
In this section, there are 20 sweet cherry varieties from many places in the world. Thus, I have divided them into 3 minor groups based on their geographical origin. If you want to check them quickly, the below chart will show you brief information about these 20 tasty cherries.
|Black Tartarian||Russia||Ripen from mid-June to early July|| |
|Kordia||Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic (1963)||Mid-late season (might be harvested in early August)|| |
|Bing||Milwaukie, Oregon, USA (1875)||Depending on regions, might range from May to late July|| |
|Rainier||Washington State University (1952)||Late June to early July|| |
|Lambert||Oregon (1848)||Ripen in early or mid-July|| |
|Chelan||Prosser city, Washington (1971)||Early-season (late May in California or mid-late June in Washington)|| |
|Tieton||Washington State, USA||Early-season|| |
|Utah Giant||Logan, Utah (1981)||Ripen in May to early June and can harvest on mid-season|| |
|Tulare||Southern California (1988)||Late spring to early summer|| |
|Van||Summerland, British Columbia (1944)||Fruiting from mid-season (around mid-June)|| |
|Lapins||Summerland, BC||Late-summer season (late June to August)|| |
|Sweetheart||Summerland, BC, Canada||Late-ripening (ready to eat around August)|| |
|Stella||Summerland (BC, Canada)||From June to July|| |
|Skeena||In Summerland, BC (made in 1973 and selected in 1984)||Late-season (that can extend to early August)|| |
|Sylvia||Summerland, Canada (made in 1957 and released in 1988)||Mid-season fruit (around July)|| |
|Santina||Summerland, BC, Canada (1973)||Early-season|| |
|Regina||Germany (1998)||Late June for harvesting|| |
|Royal Ann||Believed as a Turkey-origin cherry||Mid-summer (for harvesting)|| |
|Emperor Francis||The United Kingdom (the early 1990s)||Ripen/harvest in late June|| |
|Coral Champagne||Not specified||From mid-May to mid-June|| |
7 Stunning American-Based Sweet Cherry Cultivars
Let’s talk about American sweet cherry varieties first. With these 7 types and their stories, I hope you can have a close view of them in order to find which types would be your favorite one.
When talking about glossy and juicy cherries with a distinctive heart shape, Bing cherry is the first one that comes to my mind. Thanks to their sweet, tangy, and firm flesh, this type is perfect for snacks or as an addition to your simple grilled desserts, ice cream, and more.
Native to the Pacific Northwest, particularly in Oregon, America, Bing is one of the most well-known cherry types in the USA. They are also the most produced type across the country, including California, Washington, Oregon, Wisconsin, and British Columbia in Canada.
They are a hybrid cherry of Royal Ann cherry (aka Napoleon) and Black Republican cherry. And this was an invention of Ah Bing (a foreman) and Seth Lewelling (a horticulturist) in 1875.
Bing cherries generally have a deep red color. Plus, the darker they are, the riper they will be. According to a USA study, they are also rich in antioxidants that benefit gout and arthritis patients.
Origin: Milwaukie, Oregon, the United States (1875)
Season: Depending on regions, might range from May to late July
Check here for choosing the freshest Bing cherries.
Rainier is another tasty fruit that you can enjoy raw or various desserts with cherry. And they are easier to recognize at the markets due to their creamy yellowish-red flesh color. However, their season is pretty short (from late June to early July), making them a premium cherry at high prices.
Another reason that makes them a pricey cherry is Rainier cherries are sensitive to outer impacts like rain, temperature, and wind. Moreover, their fleshes tend to be juicier than other sweet cherries.
Rainier is a cross between 2 cherry cultivars, including Bing and Van cherries. In 1952, Harold Fogle in Washington State University introduced this cherry variety to the public. They have soon become the choicest cherry to celebrate 11th July in the USA, especially in Washington.
Origin: Washington State University (1952)
Season: Harvested from late June to early July
What is the story behind these succulent Rainier cherries? Let’s watch this documentary.
Lamber cherry is named after Joseph Hamilton Lambert – an American orchardist and pioneer who cultivated this type in 1848. These cherries have an attractive heart-shaped appearance in bright-to-dark red color. And their taste is sweet and richly flavored.
This variety also comes in a larger shape with a relatively small pit. On the other hand, the crispiness and juiciness of Lambert cherries are ideal to consume right off the trees. It is also a great part of your baked food as it can retain its texture after cooking.
For your more information, in 1916, Lambert cherries were claimed as the “finest” cherry in the USA. And today, you can easily find this type in the Pacific Northwest, North America, especially in Oregon.
Origin: Oregon (1848)
Season: Start to ripen in early or mid-July
Another excellent candidate in anti-cracking is Chelan cherry. Originated in Process city in Washington, Chelan cherries is an early-season type that can produce medium, firm-yet-juicy fruits with a mildly sweet flavor that contains around 18% sugar.
Like Bing cherries, this type carries a heart-shaped, deep mahogany red look that can turn into almost black, resulting in another name – black cherry. However, they are ready to pick sooner than Bing cherries for around 2 weeks.
Actually, they were crossed between Beaulieu and Stella cultivars by Thomas Toyama and Ed Proebsting (University of Washington) in 1971. Chelan cherry is the first sweet cherry variety developed in America’s Pacific Northwest. And they are cultivated in Australia and Canada too!
Origin: Prosser city, Washington (1971)
Season: Early-season (late May in California or mid-late June in Washington)
Tieton cherry is a crossbreed of Early Burlat and Stella cherry, and this cultivar was a result of Washington State University. They are an early-season cherry that can yield dark red sweet cherry. However, this variety might not be high in production like other types.
These cherries are similar to Bing species with cute heart-like shapes and extra-large in size (some can reach 32-mm in width). They also own glossy mahogany-red skins that make them so appealing from a first look.
Tieton’s flavor is fairly mild and firm in texture, making them an ideal option for baked goods. Besides, their trees have thick stems to help the fruits retain moisture and have a fresher look after harvesting. However, they are prone to cracking, mildew, or doubling fruit.
Origin: Washington State, USA
6. Utah Giant
Originated in Lagan, Utah, Utah Giant cherry is a cultivar of Utah Agricultural Experiment State in 1981. Unlike its name, this cherry type comes from small to moderate-sized trees. But their fruits are surprisingly large (even bigger than Bing or Lamber ones) with outstanding flavor.
Thanks to their compact sizes, they can be a great choice for gardeners; however, this is not a self-pollinate cherry type. Therefore, they need a pollinator nearby to produce fruits. The suitable ones can be Bing, Rainier, Van, and more.
When Utah Giant cherries are fully mature, they will have a dark red mahogany color in skin and flesh. Their flavor is also sweet, but the best thing must be about the pit. Generally, Utah Giant fruits are a freestone variety. And the pit is smaller than other types as well.
Origin: Logan, Utah (1981)
Season: Ripen in May to early June and can harvest on mid-season
Tulare is a cousin of Bing cherry with many of the same characteristics. First, they have a perfectly sweet, tangy, tart flavor with a juicy texture. However, this type is quite softer than Bing but still firm enough to enjoy fresh or baking sweet or savory dishes.
Tulare cherry’s first appearance was recorded in San Joaquin Valley in the southern part of California in 1974. After that, in 1988, Bradford Genetic developed this cultivar, making them more popular in Southern California.
Moreover, they were named after Tulare County, where people found this cherry type. Tulare cherries are great in crack-resistant; thus, they have a smooth heart-shaped appearance with stunning deep red color. But they require at least 1 pollinating partner nearby to yield fruits.
Origin: Southern California (1988)
Season: Ready to collect in late spring to early summer
Here is a short video capturing a Tulare cherry farm that started to blossom.
Some Popular Sweet Cherry Types Originated From Canada
Canada – a neighbor of the United States also has many heavenly-send cherry species with various distinguished characteristics. Read on to find out what they are!
A special cherry species in Canada is the Van cherry. They feature medium-sized and firm fruits with an incredible sweetness that you can serve as a healthy snack or make juices, jam, etc.
However, Van cherry trees need a pollinator as they are self-incompatible. This cherry cultivar is the combination of Empress Eugenie and other cherry species, and they were cultivated at Summerland Research Station in British Columbia, Canada.
Plus, this species can work well with other varieties like Stella, Bing, Montmorency, and more. Their trees are pretty hard, so they can bear many fruits. The fruits have round or heart-like shapes with dark red color.
Origin: In Summerland, British Columbia and was introduced in 1944)
Season: Start to fruiting from mid-season (around mid-June)
Born in the same place as Van cherry, Lapin is another special cultivar of Summerland Research Station, particularly by Karlis O. Lapins – a Canadian agronomist. In general, they are an upgraded version of the Bing type with higher qualities.
An advantage of this species is that they are still sweet before turning to deep-red fruits. The versatility of Lapins is amazing as you can eat them raw, make hearty BBQ desserts, juice, preserves, and more.
Lapins cherry is a hybrid version of Van and Stella cherries. They are a self-fertile type that can be an ideal pollinator for other cherry species. So if you have limited space to grow various kinds of cherry trees, the Lapins cherry is a good choice.
Plus, they can grow to 4-meter tall with high yield production. Lapins cherries’ flesh is firmer and can resist splitting excellently compared to Bing. Regarding the visual, they share a similar look as Bing cherries with dark red color when fully matured.
Origin: Summerland (British Columbia)
Season: Late-summer season (late June to August)
What does it look like in Lapin cherry season?
As the name suggests, Sweetheart cherries are hard to resist due to their wonderful sweetness in a dark vibrant red skin and red flesh. They also have a slight hint of acidic taste to create a balanced sweet and sour flavor.
Like other types, the Sweetheart variety owns a heart-shaped appearance but moderate size. They are the combined result of Van and Newstar cherries, cultivated by the Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre in Canada in 1975, then released to the public in 1994.
This is a self-fertile type, making them a universal pollinator for various cherry cultivars. But they are a late-season cherry species that can ripen around 20 to 22 days after Bing cultivar.
Origin: Summerland, British Columbia, Canada
Season: Late-ripening (ready to eat around August)
When someone asks you which cherry type is self-fertile, Stella is the top answer. In reality, this is the first self-pollinating sweet cherry cultivar. Since then, people have used them to develop other types, like Chelan, Tieton, Lapins, etc.
Starting from England, Stella cherry was a result of the program that developed a high-quality self-fertile cultivar. And this is an achievement of Karlis O. Lapins, who succeeded in crossing between Lambert and John Innes Seedling 2420 to create Stella cherry.
Generally, Stella fruits are large (bigger than average cherry), bold dark red, and heart-shaped. They are also rich in flavor, sweet, and superbly firm, making them a great choice for fresh snacks or baking.
Origin: Summerland (British Columbia)
Season: Can harvest from June to July
Some tips for growing a healthy Stella cherry tree are here!
Another Canadian-based cherry is Skeena. They are a hybrid of 2 unnamed cultivars and were cultivated by Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre. And they aimed to create a high-quality cherry for late-ripening (14 to 16 days after Van cherry).
Besides, they are also a self-fertile sweet cherry type that can provide extremely firm fruits in large sizes. The attractiveness and tanginess of Skeena cherries are undeniable, thanks to their smooth skin ranging from dark red to black and juicy sweet flesh.
Their high cracking resistance capacity is another criterion for making them a superior-quality cherry. But they are prone to high temperatures, especially in the long period, which can lead to several post-harvest issues.
Origin: Made in 1973 in Summerland, British Columbia, and selected in 1984
Season: Late-season cherry (that can extend to early August)
Raised in Canada in 1957, Sylvia is a crossbreed of Sam and Van cherries to produce round, bright dark red fruits with red pulps. These fruits have a medium-sized, packed sweet flavor that makes them best suited for eating raw.
They are, basically, a dwarf self-fertile tree. Still, it would be better to yield higher-quality fruits if suitable pollination partners (like Kordia, Skeena, etc.) nearby the Sylvia cherry trees. The firmness of this cultivar is fairly good.
Today, you can find them grown in Canada, the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and more.
Origin: Summerland, Canada (made in 1957 and released in 1988)
Season: Mid-season fruit (around July)
The last Canadian-origin cherry I want to introduce is Santina – a beautiful reddish-black fruit with a long and quite flat heart-shaped look. Not only stunning, but they are also ideal for eating fresh, thanks to their firm texture and mildly sweet taste.
Santina is a self-pollinate species that crosses between Stella and Summit cherries. And once again, this was a result of the Pacific Agri-Food Research Station in Summerland in 1973. Today, they are a gardeners’ favorite cultivar due to their high production and good crack resistance.
Overall, they are medium-sized cherries with a sweet and low-acid profile. So if you do not want to enjoy them fresh, you can preserve them (such as freezing or drying) or pair these juicy fruits with your favorite treats.
Origin: Summerland, British Columbia, Canada (1973)
And Other Sweet Cherry Species From Other Countries
Cherry is also well-loved in various countries, let alone America and Canada. And here are 5 other cherry varieties in the sweet cherry species from other nations that you might not know yet.
Regina is a German-origin cherry that the Jork Fruit Research Station developed in 1998. They are a crossbreed of Rube and Schneiders Spate Knorpelkirsche varieties. Nowadays, you can spot them in many European countries; some are also cultivated in Oregon, USA.
Overall, Regina can grow well in cold climates. They are a late-season cherry type that can produce large, dark red flesh and peel. Thanks to its sweet-and-tart taste, these fruits can offer you a strong hint of cherry essence in 1 bite.
Plus, they are also good at rain-cracking resistance to have the firm, crunchy, and succulent texture, making them the most successful sweet cherry type in Germany.
Origin: Germany (1998)
Season: Late June for harvesting
16. Queen Anne
Queen Anne cherry – a fruit starting with Q, is a well-known type with a yellow and light-pink appearance similar to Rainier. They also have other names like Royal Ann or Napoleon. Their true origin is still unknown, but they were brought to America in 1629 by the colonists.
Though they are classified in sweet cherry species, their firm flesh tastes more tart than sweet, making them better for homemade ideas like jams, sauces, or baked goods. And if you love dishes made from canned cherry, they are also good for producing canned foods or eaten raw on their own.
In reality, many people use it to make maraschino cherries, which I will explain in more detail in the next part. The only drawback of this species is their trees are fragile and sensitive, so it would not be too ideal for home orchards.
Origin: Believed as a Turkey-origin type and brought to the USA in 1629
Season: Mid-summer (for harvesting)
17. Emperor Francis
Here is another super sweet cherry type to add to your must-try fruit list. Indeed, Emperor Francis cherries come in yellow (or white) fleshes and skins with extremely sweet taste, smooth and creamy texture so you can enjoy them fresh for the best experience.
But it does not mean they are not ideal for jams, jellies, etc. They are also a multipurpose type that you can enjoy any way you want. They can even be a perfect type for Maraschino cherries.
They are also well-loved for their less susceptibility to cracking, turning them a favorite type for farmers and home gardeners. For more information, Emperor Francis is native to the United Kingdom and has been planted globally today.
Origin: The United Kingdom (the early 1990s)
Season: Ripen/harvest in late June
18. Coral Champagne
There is no exact proof of the origin of Coral Champagne cherries, but in general, they belong to sweet cherry species (Prunus avium) that can bear large fruits with attractively glossy dark red skin.
The flesh itself is also sweet, firm, and low-acid in hot pink color. However, Coral Champagne is susceptible to cracking or splitting due to the rainy weather. And they are not a self-pollinated type.
In 2014, they were recorded as the third most widely planted cherry type in California (after Bing and Tulare species). Another good side of Coral Champagne cherry trees is they can be an excellent type for commercial production and home orchard due to their compact size.
Origin: Not specified (but mostly found in California)
Season: Can harvest from mid-May to mid-June
This Coral Champagne cherry farm tour will show you more interesting information about this cultivar.
19. Black Tartarian
Originating in the 1700s, Black Tartarian is an old cherry cultivar in the sweet cherry group. They first appeared in Russia, then introduced to America and England, and have become a popular species for home orchards.
Specifically, Black Tartarian cherry can develop well in full-sun condition and well-drained soil. They might not be a perfect drought-tolerant tree, but overall, this species can adapt to drought better than other cherry types.
And similar to other cherry species, they are not a self-pollinating type. Therefore, they should be nearby other sweet cherries like Van, Stella, or Bing to pollinate.
If they grow well, they can produce an abundance of juicy, robust, and sweet fruits with dark red flesh in heart-shaped forms. So if you need an easy-to-grow cherry tree to yield fruit for fresh consumption or preserves, Tartarian is the one you are looking for.
Season: Start to ripen from mid-June to early July
Kordia cherries own a glossy, dark purple to black color in a heart-shaped appearance that will make you want to devour them right off the tree.
Kordia is a specialty that originated in the Czech Republic. They are a type with average productivity. However, thanks to their sweet flavor with excellent acidic balance, they are a well-loved choice for both commercial and home gardeners.
Next to their stunning look, Kordia is also bigger than the average size; therefore, this type can be considered a high-quality cherry variety. They are good at resisting cracking or splitting too!
Origin: Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic (1963)
Season: Mid-late season (might be harvested in early August)
Kordia cherry in season is promising with many high-grade and big-sized fruits.
Prunus cerasus is a group of sour cherries (or tart cherries). Their fruits are edible but have sour pulp with more acidic contents. Native to Southwest Asia and Europe, nowadays, they are mostly used in cooked dishes, from sweet to savory recipes.
Besides, sour cherries are very popular in Turkey. They were the number 1 sour cherry producer in 2012; the following are Russia, Poland, Ukraine, etc. In these countries, the locals also use these fruits as a good source to make syrup and use it for creating different drinks, liquors, or beers.
Sour cherries have 2 main groups: Morello cherries and Amarelle cherries. What is the difference between these 2 big categories? And what are the cherry types in each group? The 8 below cultivars will tell you. Or you can check the table to have the quickest answer.
|English Morello||Unclear (but claimed as England/Europe origin, and introduced to the USA in the mid-1800s)||Ripen in mid-summer (around) August|| |
|North Star||Canada (the University of Minnesota in 1950)||Ripen around early to mid-summer|| |
|Balaton||Ujfeherto, Eastern Hungary||Late-season|| |
|Evans||Alberta, Canada (around 1923 or earlier)||Produce fruits in mid-summer|| |
|Amarena||Bologna, Italy (1869)||Available year-round (in bottles/jars with syrup)|| |
|Montmorency||Montmorency, France||Harvest in summer (July to August)|| |
|Early Richmond||Unclear, but was cultivated in England in the early 1500s||Early summer (early June)|| |
|Meteor||The University of Minnesota, Canada in 1952||Ripen from mid or late-season|| |
What Is Morello Cherry, And How Many Types Are There?
Unlike sweet cherry varieties, sour cherries (either Morello or Amerelle) are self-pollinating. But Morello cherries come with dark red flesh and offer red juice.
But do you know a glass of tart cherry juice is a good idea for summer breakfast? In reality, their benefits are impressive, and I will explain later. And now, let’s check these 4 popular Morello-style cherries with a lot of delightful information.
21. English Morello
The exact root of English Morello cherries is unknown, though many people believe they are European-based cultivars. The first appearance of this type was in the mid-1800s in the United States.
As a sour cherry type, their rich sour fleshes are a great component to make jams, jellies, canned foods, or other cooking ideas. You can also eat them off the tree if you like the sour taste.
They can bear abundant fruits to provide high production. These fruits have beautiful deep red (or almost black) skin with firm flesh when mature.
Origin: Unclear (but many people think their origin is England/Europe, and they were introduced to the USA in the mid-1800s)
Season: Ripen in mid-summer (around) August
Check here to learn more about growing a Morello cherry tree.
22. North Star
North Star cherry is a dwarf-type tree that can fit well in any kind of space, even limited ones. They can provide many light red fruits from early or mid-summer, and these fruits can hang on the tree for a long time even after they fully mature.
In 1950, people in the University of Minnesota (Canada) published this species with extreme climate adaptability and disease resistance to avoid cracking. They are also a self-fertile type that does not need to stand nearby any cherry tree to yield fruits.
This is a versatile cherries as you can consume them directly from the tree, make baked goods, and more, thanks to its nice sweet and sour flavor. However, they might be quite tart at first.
Origin: Canada (the University of Minnesota in 1950)
Season: Ripen around early to mid-summer
Perfect tips and tricks to have a nice-shaped North Start cherry tree are all in this instruction.
As a Morello-style cherry, Balaton features a dark burgundy color in pulp and skin. But their taste is not 100% sour; you can still sense a pleasantly sweet-and-tart flavor from these fruits.
The first Balaton cherry tree was found in a small town in eastern Hungary named Uifeherto. Until 1984, Dr. Amy Iezzoni at Michigan State University introduced this species to America. And from 1998, the Balaton cherry tree was commercially developed across the country.
Balaton cherries are superb for juice and pies since they are large with a firm texture (firmer than Montmorency – a classic pie cherry).
Origin: Ujfeherto, Eastern Hungary
Cherry blossoms are always beautiful, and Evans cherry trees can portray stunning pictures of white flowers from various clusters bathed under the sun in the spring. However, despite their fragrant blossoms, this cultivar comes in hardy trees that can grow in the harsh climate.
Some claim Evans cherry’s (aka Bali cherry) origin is from Alberta (Canada), but some recent research showed they might come from Alaska. Nowadays, you can find them in some regions in Canada and America.
These trees normally have compact sizes, so people grow them mainly for home edible qualities. In season, they produce red, round, and fleshy fruit with a similar sour flavor to other sour cherries.
Origin: Alberta, Canada (around 1923 or earlier)
Season: Produce fruits in mid-summer
Native to Italy, Amarena cherry features a small, dark color appearance and is usually used to decorate people’s favorite white chocolate-based desserts. Though their main flavor is tart, quite bitter, they still are a delicious fruit to enjoy with your dishes or drinks, like cocktails.
It is mainly grown in Modena and Bologna cities in Italy, but its popularity in other countries is huge. Indeed, they are one of the most well-liked “cherry on top” for various cocktails globally.
On the other hand, they are a special ingredient for ice-creams and patisserie to make them more flavorful. However, you can mostly find these cherries in bottles or jars with syrup.
Origin: Bologna, Italy (1869)
Season: Available year-round
What is Amarena cherry and how special are they? You will find the answer after checking this documentary.
Amarelle-Style Cherry And Its Varieties
Another sour cherry category is Amarelle cherry, with distinguishing traits like yellow pulp and clear juice. But their flavors are similar to other sour cherries.
Originated Montmorency in France, Montmorency is another notable sour cherry variety globally. They are summer-harvested type, but they are available all year round in frozen, dried foods or juices/juice concentrate.
Americans started to cultivate them in the early 20th century, and they have been the most popular ones in this country, with 1/3 production grown in Michigan (over 90,000 tons each year). But you can also find them in other places like Washington, Utah, Wisconsin, New York, and more.
Montmorency cherries have a light red color with small sizes. Grab 1 bite; you will sense their tartness along with some slight sweet notes. Their texture is also firm, making tasty ingredients for snacks or baked goods.
Origin: Montmorency, France
Season: Harvest in summer (July to August)
Let’s visit a Montmorency orchard in Michigan and see the attractiveness of these fruits.
27. Early Richmond
Early Richmond cherries have a tart, flavorful flavor so they can be a great addition in baking dishes, for example, mouthwatering puff pastry desserts with cherries, cocktails, or preserves.
There is no proven evidence about the exact origin of Early Richmond. However, these cherry species were grown in England from the early 1500s. Later, the early settlers brought them into America and made them become one of the leading sour cherries in the country,
Bright red skin, medium in size, and yellowish juicy flesh are some significant features of Early Richmond cherries. Plus, their ripening time is quite sooner than other types, around 1 week sooner, and normally happens in early June.
Origin: Unclear, but was cultivated in England in the early 1500s
Season: Early summer (early June)
The last tart cherry in this list is Meteor – a dwarf cherry tree that can bear many bright red fruits with large production. They can produce fruits after 2 to 3 years of planting with proper care.
Basically, Meteor cherries are large with yellowish flesh – a significant factor to classify them in Amarelle-group cherry. But due to their tart flavor, people mainly use them for baked dishes, especially pies.
More than that, you can still turn them into refreshing juice, jams, jellies, or any cooking ideas that you like.
Origin: The University of Minnesota, Canada in 1952
Season: Ripen from mid or late-season
Other Edible Cherry Types To Discover
With the above cherry types, it seems to be that cherry is not ideal for a tropical climate like many Asian countries. But in this part, I will introduce one variety that you can find in some parts of Asia.
Plus, there is another highlight cherry that I bet many of you have been tried before but do not really know the comprehensive information about it. So do not skip this section!
Nanking cherry is neither Prunus avium nor Prunus cerasus species. They belong to Prunus tomentosa species originating from Northern and Western Of China, Mongolia, Korea, and some parts of Northern India.
This type also has various names like Shanghai cherry, Chinese bush cherry, Korean cherry, etc., indicating their Asian origin. Generally, these cherries are edible that can be used to make jam, juice, pickled foods, wine, or you can eat them fresh.
Their flavor profile is sweet but has a slight hint of tartness. They are also ideal for home gardening purposes as their flowers are beautiful with fragrant pale pink or white blossoms.
Origin: Northern and Western Of China, Mongolia, Korea, and Northern India
Season: From July to August
A short overview of Nanking cherry will tell you more about them.
Maraschino is a famous cherry used in alcoholic (cocktails) and non-alcoholic drinks. But they are not an exact type of cherry. Maraschino cherries are preserved in the brine solution (to bleach the color of the cherries), then soaked in food coloring, sweetened agent (sugar syrup), etc.
Suitable cherry varieties to make Maraschino cherries normally are light-colored cultivars, like Rainier, Royal Ann, or some Gold types. Besides being excellent “cocktail cherries”, these fruits are ideal for garnishing in baked dishes, ice cream, or frozen yogurt.
Maraschino cherries can be made from sour cherries, like Marasca cherry, which is very popular in Europe, particularly in the form of maraschino liqueur.
You can create a big jar of Maraschino at home effortlessly with this instruction.
Health Benefits Of Consuming Cherries
Compared to other fruits, cherry is a small-sized fruit, but its health benefits are massive. Let’s have a quick look at these advantages of eating cherries with 6 points as below.
A Great Source Of Nutrients
Regardless of sweet or sour cherries, they are the perfect package of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, especially vitamin C and potassium with numerous health benefits to help your body function smoothly.
High In Antioxidants
Looking for a fruit rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds? Cherry is the ultimate answer. These compounds can prevent many serious illnesses like cancer, diabetes, heart disease, obesity, and Alzheimer’s.
Help You Sleep Better
Tart cherries contain melatonin – a hormone that can help your body release better before going to sleep. So if you have insomnia, try to drink around 8 ounces of tart cherry juice in the morning or before bedtime for 1 to 2 hours.
Lower Gout-Related Risks
Research in 2019 has proved that those who consume cherries have a lower gout risk than those who do not like to eat this fruit. Indeed, cherries can reduce uric acid – a crystallize within the joints in your blood, which is linked with gout, kidney stones, or other pain and swelling.
Can Ease Your Pain After Exercise
Interestingly, the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds in these fruits can ease muscle pain after workouts or exercises, particularly if you drink tart cherry juice.
Control Bad Cholesterol
Once again, tart juice plays an important role in lowering bad cholesterol and reducing heart disease or heart attack risk.
Cherry – The Incredible Fruit On Earth
Next to the refreshment, tastiness, and juiciness that cherries can bring to our meals, their health benefits are unquestionable. They are also low in calories so if you are seeking a wonderful fruit for your diet plans, count on cherries.
On the other hand, cherry blossoms are beautiful, making them an ideal tree to grow in your backyard. So, what do you think about cherry? What is your favorite type among these varieties? Please share your opinion in the below section so we can discuss these heavenly-sent fruits.
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